Jan Burse, erstellt 03. Aug 2019
* It is possible to register predicates and evaluable functions
* as special built-ins via the built-in special/3. A predicate
* indicator, the service class and the service number has to
* be specified. While registering the Prolog interpreter will
* automatically create an instance of the service class with
* the given service number parameter.
* directive --> "special(" indicator "," module "," integer ")".
* :- special(foo/1, 'FooAPI', 7). % is a special predicate directive.
* An evaluable function f/n is identified by a predicate indicator
* f/n+1. To ease the end-user the Prolog system automatically
* implements for each predicate bridging to an evaluable function,
* and for each evaluable function tunnelling to a predicate.
* Bridging, predicate as evaluable function:
* X is p(Y1,..,Yn) :-
* Z1 is Y1, .., Zn is Yn, p(Z1, .., Zn, X), !.
* _ is p(_,..,_):-
* Tunnelling, evaluable function as predicate:
* f(Y1, .., Yn, X) :-
* X is f(Y1,..,Yn).
* During bridging the arguments are evaluated and then the corresponding
* predicate is called with an additional last argument for the result.
* If the corresponding predicate succeeds its choice points are removed.
* If the corresponding predicate fails or if the result is not a value
* an error is issued.
* The bridging is further controlled by the virtual property
* of a predicate. If a predicate has this property the first argument Y1
* gets special treatment. During bridging this argument will not be
* evaluated. This is useful for predicates that pass as the first argument the
* receiver object. The directive virtual/1 can be used to set the virtual
* property of a predicate.
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* special(I, C, K):
* Succeeds with registering the predicate indicator I as a special
* builtin that calls an instance of the service class C with
* function index K.
% special(+IndicatorColon, +Class, +Index)
set_predicate_property/2, 'SpecialSpecial', 0).
reset_predicate_property/2, 'SpecialSpecial', 1).
* virtual P, ..:
* The predicate sets the predicate P to virtual.
% virtual +Indicators
* If no predicate has yet been defined for the predicate indicator I,
* defines a corresponding neutral predicate.
sys_neutral_predicate/1, 'SpecialSpecial', 5).
* sys_declaration_indicator(D, I):
* The predicate succeeds with the indicator I for the declaration D.
* The predicate is multifile and can be extended by further clauses.
% sys_declaration_indicator(+Declaration, -Indicator).